Dating back to the 4th century BCE, the Sanctuary of the Great Gods was dedicated to the mystery cult of the Great Gods, a group of deities worshipped by the ancient Greeks. 

The site consists of a number of impressive structures, including a large courtyard, a temple and a sacred cave. 

The most famous structure is the Nike of Samothraki, a magnificent Hellenistic sculpture of the winged goddess Nike that is on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris. 

The sanctuary was a significant center of worship for centuries, attracting pilgrims from all over the ancient world. 

Today, the site remains an important archaeological site, providing valuable insights into the religious practices of the ancient Greeks.